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Domenica 04 Aprile 2010 11:20

Ferrovia del Bernina
 Venezia e la sua laguna Mantova
Urbino Basilica di San Francesco da Assisi Val d'Orcia
Siena Pienza Città del Vaticano
Centro storico di Roma  Vienna Schonbrunn
Mont Saint Michel Alhambra Alberobello
Ait Benhaddou  Marrakech Essaouira
Residenze Sabaude    

 


 

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Holy See
Italy
Date of Inscription: 1980
Extension: 1990
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
Property : 1485.1000 ha
Province of Roma, Lazio region (IT) / Vatican City State (VA)
N41 53 24.8 E12 29 32.3
Ref: 91bis

Brief Description

Founded, according to legend, by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC, Rome was first the centre of the Roman Republic, then of the Roman Empire, and it became the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century. The World Heritage site, extended in 1990 to the walls of Urban VIII, includes some of the major monuments of antiquity such as the Forums, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Pantheon, Trajan’s Column and the Column of Marcus Aurelius, as well as the religious and public buildings of papal Rome.

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 1998
Criteria: (ii)(iv)
Property : 29.2300 ha
Buffer zone: 3608.5000 ha
Province of Pesaro, Marche Region
N43 43 30 E12 37 59.988
Ref: 828

Brief Description

The small hill town of Urbino, in the Marche, experienced a great cultural flowering in the 15th century, attracting artists and scholars from all over Italy and beyond, and influencing cultural developments elsewhere in Europe. Owing to its economic and cultural stagnation from the 16th century onwards, it has preserved its Renaissance appearance to a remarkable extent.
 
 
 

 


Elenco

Italy
Switzerland
Date of Inscription: 2008
Criteria: (ii)(iv)
Property : 152.4200 ha
Buffer zone: 109385.9000 ha
N46 29 54 E9 50 47
Ref: 1276

Brief Description

Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes, brings together two historic railway lines that cross the Swiss Alps through two passes. Opened in 1904, the Albula line in the north western part of the property is 67 km long. It features an impressive set of structures including 42 tunnels and covered galleries and 144 viaducts and bridges. The 61 km Bernina pass line features 13 tunnels and galleries and 52 viaducts and bridges. The property is exemplary of the use of the railway to overcome the isolation of settlements in the Central Alps early in the 20th century, with a major and lasting socio-economic impact on life in the mountains. It constitutes an outstanding technical, architectural and environmental ensemble and embodies architectural and civil engineering achievements, in harmony with the landscapes through which they pass.

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 2000
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
Property : 14563.2500 ha
Buffer zone: 4086.7000 ha
N43 3 58.2 E12 37 20.8
Ref: 990

Brief Description

Assisi, a medieval city built on a hill, is the birthplace of Saint Francis, closely associated with the work of the Franciscan Order. Its medieval art masterpieces, such as the Basilica of San Francesco and paintings by Cimabue, Pietro Lorenzetti, Simone Martini and Giotto, have made Assisi a fundamental reference point for the development of Italian and European art and architecture.

 

 

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 2004
Criteria: (iv)(vi)
Property : 61187.9609 ha
Buffer zone: 5660.0771 ha
Province of Siena, Tuscany
N43 04 E11 33
Ref: 1026rev

Brief Description

The landscape of Val d’Orcia is part of the agricultural hinterland of Siena, redrawn and developed when it was integrated in the territory of the city-state in the 14th and 15th centuries to reflect an idealized model of good governance and to create an aesthetically pleasing picture. The landscape’s distinctive aesthetics, flat chalk plains out of which rise almost conical hills with fortified settlements on top, inspired many artists. Their images have come to exemplify the beauty of well-managed Renaissance agricultural landscapes. The inscription covers: an agrarian and pastoral landscape reflecting innovative land-management systems; towns and villages; farmhouses; and the Roman Via Francigena and its associated abbeys, inns, shrines, bridges, etc.

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 1995
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv)
Property : 170.0000 ha
Buffer zone: 9907.0000 ha
City and Province of Siena, Tuscany
N43 19 7 E11 19 54
Ref: 717

Brief Description

Siena is the embodiment of a medieval city. Its inhabitants pursued their rivalry with Florence right into the area of urban planning. Throughout the centuries, they preserved their city's Gothic appearance, acquired between the 12th and 15th centuries. During this period the work of Duccio, the Lorenzetti brothers and Simone Martini was to influence the course of Italian and, more broadly, European art. The whole city of Siena, built around the Piazza del Campo, was devised as a work of art that blends into the surrounding landscape.

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 1996
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv)
Property : 4.4100 ha
Province of Siena, Tuscany
N43 4 37 E11 40 43
Ref: 789

Brief Description

It was in this Tuscan town that Renaissance town-planning concepts were first put into practice after Pope Pius II decided, in 1459, to transform the look of his birthplace. He chose the architect Bernardo Rossellino, who applied the principles of his mentor, Leon Battista Alberti. This new vision of urban space was realized in the superb square known as Piazza Pio II and the buildings around it: the Piccolomini Palace, the Borgia Palace and the cathedral with its pure Renaissance exterior and an interior in the late Gothic style of south German churches.

 

 

 


Elenco

France
Date of Inscription: 1979
Minor modification inscribed year: 2007
Criteria: (i)(iii)(vi)
Property : 6558.0000 ha
Buffer zone: 57589.0000 ha
Department of Manche, Region of Basse-Normandie
N48 38 8.016 W1 30 38.016
Ref: 80bis

Brief Description

Perched on a rocky islet in the midst of vast sandbanks exposed to powerful tides between Normandy and Brittany stand the 'Wonder of the West', a Gothic-style Benedictine abbey dedicated to the archangel St Michael, and the village that grew up in the shadow of its great walls. Built between the 11th and 16th centuries, the abbey is a technical and artistic tour de force, having had to adapt to the problems posed by this unique natural site.

 

 

 


Elenco

Austria
Date of Inscription: 2001
Criteria: (ii)(iv)(vi)
Property : 371.0000 ha
Buffer zone: 462.0000 ha
Vienna
N48 13 0 E16 23 0
Ref: 1033

Brief Description

Vienna developed from early Celtic and Roman settlements into a Medieval and Baroque city, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It played an essential role as a leading European music centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, as well as the late-19th-century Ringstrasse lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Austria
Date of Inscription: 1996
Criteria: (i)(iv)
Property : 186.2800 ha
Buffer zone: 260.6400 ha
Vienna
N48 11 12 E16 18 48
Ref: 786

Brief Description

From the 18th century to 1918, Schönbrunn was the residence of the Habsburg emperors. It was designed by the architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and Nicolaus Pacassi and is full of outstanding examples of decorative art. Together with its gardens, the site of the world’s first zoo in 1752, it is a remarkable Baroque ensemble and a perfect example of Gesamtkunstwerk.

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 1987
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)
Province of Venezia, Veneto Region
N45 26 03.5 E12 20 20.2
Ref: 394

Brief Description

Founded in the 5th century and spread over 118 small islands, Venice became a major maritime power in the 10th century. The whole city is an extraordinary architectural masterpiece in which even the smallest building contains works by some of the world's greatest artists such as Giorgione, Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese and others.

 

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Spain
Date of Inscription: 1984
Extension: 1994
Criteria: (i)(iii)(iv)
Province of Granada, Autonomous Community of Andalusia
N37 10 36.012 W3 35 39.984
Ref: 314bis

Brief Description

Rising above the modern lower town, the Alhambra and the Albaycín, situated on two adjacent hills, form the medieval part of Granada. To the east of the Alhambra fortress and residence are the magnificent gardens of the Generalife, the former rural residence of the emirs who ruled this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries. The residential district of the Albaycín is a rich repository of Moorish vernacular architecture, into which the traditional Andalusian architecture blends harmoniously.

 

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 1996
Criteria: (iii)(iv)(v)
Property : 10.5200 ha
Province of Bari, Puglia Region
N40 46 57 E17 14 12.984
Ref: 787

Brief Description

The trulli, limestone dwellings found in the southern region of Puglia, are remarkable examples of drywall (mortarless) construction, a prehistoric building technique still in use in this region. The trulli are made of roughly worked limestone boulders collected from neighbouring fields. Characteristically, they feature pyramidal, domed or conical roofs built up of corbelled limestone slabs.

 

 

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 2008
Criteria: (ii)(iii)
Property : 235.0000 ha
Buffer zone: 2330.0000 ha
N45 9 34 E10 47 40
Ref: 1287

Brief Description

Mantua and Sabbioneta, in the Po valley, in the north of Italy, represent two aspects of Renaissance town planning: Mantua shows the renewal and extension of an existing city, while 30 km away, Sabbioneta represents the implementation of the period’s theories about planning the ideal city. Typically, Mantua’s layout is irregular with regular parts showing different stages of its growth since the Roman period and includes many medieval edifices among them an 11th century rotunda and a Baroque theatre. Sabbioneta, created in the second half of the 16th century under the rule of one person, Vespasiano Gonzaga Colonna, can be described as a single-period city and has a right angle grid layout. Both cities offer exceptional testimonies to the urban, architectural and artistic realizations of the Renaissance, linked through the visions and actions of the ruling Gonzaga family. The two towns are important for the value of their architecture and for their prominent role in the dissemination of Renaissance culture. The ideals of the Renaissance, fostered by the Gonzaga family, are present in the towns’ morphology and architecture.

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Italy
Date of Inscription: 1997
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv)(v)
Property : 338.1400 ha
Buffer zone: 6519.2900 ha
Province of Torino, Piedmont Region
N45 4 21.108 E7 41 8.592
Ref: 823

Brief Description

When Emmanuel-Philibert, Duke of Savoy, moved his capital to Turin in 1562, he began a vast series of building projects (continued by his successors) to demonstrate the power of the ruling house. This outstanding complex of buildings, designed and embellished by the leading architects and artists of the time, radiates out into the surrounding countryside from the Royal Palace in the 'Command Area' of Turin to include many country residences and hunting lodges.

 

 


Elenco

Morocco
Date of Inscription: 1987
Criteria: (iv)(v)
Property : 3.0300 ha
Buffer zone: 16.3200 ha
N31 2 49.992 W7 7 44.004
Ref: 444

Brief Description

The ksar, a group of earthen buildings surrounded by high walls, is a traditional pre-Saharan habitat. The houses crowd together within the defensive walls, which are reinforced by corner towers. Ait-Ben-Haddou, in Ouarzazate province, is a striking example of the architecture of southern Morocco.

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Morocco
Date of Inscription: 1985
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv)(v)
Property : 1107.0000 ha
Province of Marrakesh
N31 37 53.004 W7 59 12.012
Ref: 331

Brief Description

Founded in 1070–72 by the Almoravids, Marrakesh remained a political, economic and cultural centre for a long period. Its influence was felt throughout the western Muslim world, from North Africa to Andalusia. It has several impressive monuments dating from that period: the Koutoubiya Mosque, the Kasbah, the battlements, monumental doors, gardens, etc. Later architectural jewels include the Bandiâ Palace, the Ben Youssef Madrasa, the Saadian Tombs, several great residences and Place Jamaâ El Fna, a veritable open-air theatre.

 

 

 

 


Elenco

Morocco
Date of Inscription: 2001
Criteria: (ii)(iv)
Property : 30.0000 ha
Buffer zone: 15.0000 ha
Province of Essaouira, Tensift Region
N31 31 0.012 W9 46 9.984
Ref: 753rev

Brief Description

Essaouira is an exceptional example of a late-18th-century fortified town, built according to the principles of contemporary European military architecture in a North African context. Since its foundation, it has been a major international trading seaport, linking Morocco and its Saharan hinterland with Europe and the rest of the world.